is a country reaching from the peaks and valleys of the Himalaya through the central hilllands, where also the capital Kathmandu is located, to the wide plains of the Terai, being the homeland of around 30 million people. But in comparison to its big neighbours, India and TAR (Autonomous Region of Tibet) it is a rather small country
Since the end of the 10 years lasting civil war in 2006 and the end of the monarchy and the declaration of a federal republic in 2008, Nepal attempts to establish a democratic system, which is constantly undermined by corruption and the struggle between different ideas of defining the state.
Nepal has never been colonialized, but is caught in dependency upon tourism, development aid, remittances, the influence of powerful neighbours and economically strongly shaped by migration. The country is shaken not only by geological, but also political, social and economic quakes, while the majority of the people lead a tranquil, but harsh life as self-suppliers without any considerable social security.
In Nepal numerous languages (besides Nepali, the official language), ethnicities, cultural practices and notions, and world religions, at their head Hinduism, followed by Buddhism, Islam and Christianity and even different religious concepts meet, coexist, separate and merge into each other.
It´s a country often described in articles and travel guides as “one of the poorest in the world” and at the same time praised for its enormous cultural and natural diversity. Being caught between opposites, all that is somehow true, but describes little. Which impression of Nepal do these sentences create? No figures, no texts, no maps or pictures pay justice to the various worlds, all united in this country.
This overview should rather excite than satisfy your curiosity about Nepal – if you want to learn more, check out these websites: